XKCD on Toasts – Gretchen McCulloch

Fauxhawks for my real friends, and real hawks for my faux friends! Continue reading


The Difference between Epistemic & Deontic, Necessity & Possibility, in an Overlapping Diagram – Gretchen McCulloch

Notice that English is generally good at making distinctions between necessity and possibility but bad at making distinctions between epistemic and deontic, which must be cleared up via context. Some languages do make straightforward lexical distinctions between various flavours of modality like epistemic and deontic.  Continue reading